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California Perinatal Substance Exposure Study, 1992
Investigators: William A. Vega
This epidemiologic cross-sectional survey was conducted in order to obtain a 1992 estimate of prevalence of prenatal drug exposure by specific drug type for both the State of California as a whole and for the major regions within the state. Several other goals of the research included contrasting perinatal substance exposure prevalence for a variety of subgroups, including geographic region, socioeconomic level, race/ethnicity, and other sociodemographic factors. There was also interest in conducting a risk factor analysis to identify profiles of risk for individual-level perinatal substance exposure in California. It was hoped that data produced by this study would provide an accurate population-based estimates of the number of substance-exposed infants born in California, and thereby provide a basis for future studies, program evaluations, and clinical- and community-based interventions. Urine specimens and demographic information were collected anonymously from 29,494 pregnant women admitted for delivery in 202 maternity hospitals throughout the state between March and October, 1992. This study, which represents the largest survey of perinatal substance exposure reported to date, assessed 46 variables across 29,494 cases.
California Survey of AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & Behavior 1987
Investigators: State of California, Dept. of Health Services, Office of AIDS
The California Survey of AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior: 1987 gathered data through a survey of California adults for the purpose of forecasting the course of the AIDS epidemic and planning risk reduction programs in the State of California. Augmented data collection was employed for three risk-groups: (1) gay-identifying men, (2) multiple/high-risk partner heterosexuals, and (3) recreational drug users. Interviews were conducted from October 4, 1987 through December 20, 1987. The 1988 follow-up study to the California Survey of AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior: 1987 has been archived as Sociometrics AIDS/STI Data Archive Dataset 02. The 1987 data collection program had eight major objectives: To gather population-based data bearing on the size of the three primary AIDS risk groups in the State of California: homosexual/bisexual men, IV drug users, and multiple/high-risk partner heterosexuals; To determine the basic socioeconomic and other demographic characteristics of these risk groups in order to both enhance general understanding and allow for sufficient audience analysis to develop effective risk reduction interventions; To ascertain AIDS awareness and information levels among risk groups, as well as determining the impact of the epidemic to date on sexual and other risk behaviors; To determine the incidence of specific risk behaviors among the risk groups, including unsafe sex practices, IV drug usage, and needle-sharing; and collect baseline information that would enable behavior change over time to be monitored; To measure the degree to which existing risk reduction programs have penetrated risk group audiences in the State of California, which will be useful in evaluating the effectiveness of such programs; To collect data bearing on the design of future risk reduction programs, including questions related to message definition and the selection of appropriate communication channels; To determine AIDS awareness and knowledge levels among the general (low-risk) population of the state of California; and To gather population based data on utilization of the health care delivery system in California. Interviews were conducted from October 4, 1987 through December 20, 1987. The completion rate for interviews was 71%. Interviews were conducted in two stages. An initial 15-minute interview determined whether a respondent was a member of one or more of three AIDS high-risk groups: gay-identifying men, multiple/high-risk partner heterosexuals, or recreational drug users (not limited to intravenous drug use). If a respondent qualified as high-risk, an additional battery of questions, lasting about 20 minutes, was administered.
California Survey of AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes & Behavior: 1988
Investigators: State of California, Dept. of Health Services, Office of AIDS
The California Survey of AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior: 1988 gathered data on 311 variables through a telephone survey of California adults for the purpose of forecasting the course of the AIDS epidemic and planning risk reduction programs in the State of California. The study consisted of 4,661 telephone interviews with a household probability sample of California adults aged 18 and over. Data collection employed stratified random sampling with over-sampling in geographic areas with identified high risk-group populations. Augmented data collection was employed for three risk-groups: (1) gay-identifying men, (2) multiple/high-risk partner heterosexuals, and (3) recreational drug users. Interviews were conducted from September 30, 1988 through December 13, 1988. Data collected in this survey permit comparisons to the California Survey of AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Behavior, (KABB), conducted in 1987, which has been archived as Sociometrics AIDS/STI Data Archive Dataset 01. However, the population stratification design employed in 1987 differed from that utilized in 1988, and some differences in results between the surveys may be attributable to this variation in methodology. The 1988 data collection program had four major objectives: To increase the number of risk group cases on whom reliable survey data existed in order to facilitate more detailed analysis of attitudinal and behavioral trends; To assess change or continuity in the incidence and distribution of AIDS risk behaviors over the year between the 1987 KABB survey and the 1988 KABB survey; To assess change or continuity in knowledge levels and attitudes of high-risk individuals between the two surveys; To measure the effectiveness of recent educational initiatives in California, including the national household mailing conducted by the Surgeon General of the United States.
Chicago Urban League 1979 Young Chicagoans Survey
Investigators: Dennis Hogan and Evelyn Kitagawa
This study examined the demographic, social, economic and fertility characteristics of black teenage girls residing in the City of Chicago in 1979. The study sample consisted of 1,078 black female respondents aged 13-19 selected to comprise two randomly drawn two-stage area probability samples of Chicago households. The two independent samples included 388 respondents from Chicago, and 690 respondents from surrounding poor areas. The survey non-response rate was less than 10%. All data were collected through personal interviews by female interviewers. Information was obtained regarding age at first coital experience, marriage, pregnancy and childbirth, as well as basic background information (e.g., marital status, religion, education, employment status, and family income). Note for users of DAAPPP Data Sets #01-B1DAAPPP data sets 01 through B1 are comprised of a User's Guide, SPSS syntax files (*.SPS or *.SPX) and raw data files only. Most of these datasets contain SPSS syntax files that use Job Control Language (JCL) from 1980s versions of SPSS-X. Because the syntax is old, the syntax files require editing to conform to the current syntax standards used by SPSS/Windows or SPSS/Unix. If you require technical assistance in using or editing these syntax files, please contact Sociometrics' Data Support Group at 800.846.3475 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Cocaine Alternative Treatment Study (CATS), 1996-1999
Investigators: Arthur Margolin, Herbert D. Kleber, S. Kelly Avants, Janet Konefal, Frank Gawin, Elena Stark, James Sorensen, Eleanor Midkiff, Elizabeth Wells, T. Ron Jackson, Milton Bullock, Patricia D. Culliton, Sharon Boles, & Roger Vaughan
The study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of auricular acupuncture as a treatment for cocaine addiction. The study was a randomized, controlled, single-blind clinical trial that lasted 8 weeks. The Cocaine Alternative Treatment Study (CATS), was conducted between 1996 and 1999 at six community-based clinics (3 hospital-affiliated clinics, 3 methadone maintenance programs) in the U.S. Treatments were offered 5 times a week for 8 weeks. Drug counseling sessions were offered alongside treatment sessions for patients in each treatment group. Patients were assessed at a screening interview, an intake interview, at each of the 40 treatment sessions offered, at a post-treatment assessment, and at 3-month and 6-month follow-ups.
Community-based Directly Observed Therapy (C-DOT) Program
Investigators: Maribel Muñoz, RN, Karen Finnegan, MPH, Jhon Zeladita, RN, Adolfo Caldas, MSW, Eduardo Sanchez, MD, Miriam Callacna, RN, Christian Rojas, MD, Jorge Arevalo, MD, Jose Luis Sebastian, MD, Cesar Bonilla, MD, Jaime Bayona, MPH, MD, & Sonya Shin, MPH, MD
The C-DOT Program aims to increase adherence of individuals living with HIV beginning highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The program includes 4-day training for DOT workers. After training, DOT workers provide support to participants for a total of 11 months. For eight months DOT workers monitor all HAART doses (and doses of other medications for indications other than HIV) in participants' homes while providing social, emotional, and informational support to participants and their families and reporting missed doses, adverse events, and psychosocial crises to nurses. During the last three months DOT workers visit participants less frequently to prepare the participant for self-administration. Supervisors act as an intermediary between participants and the medical organization, coordinating other aspects of participants. medical care. Nurses supervise C-DOT Program staff and monitor follow-up care of participants. The C-DOT Program was shown to increase adherence, suppress viral load, and be associated with better tuberculosis outcomes. Additionally, the program has been shown to improve stigma, social support, self-efficacy, and health service acquisition. The C-DOT Program was originally implemented throughout the community as DOT workers conducted home visits to participants and monitored medication doses in homes or other community locations. This program may also be applicable to clinic settings and feasible to implement in clinics or hospitals serving individuals living with HIV. Click here to view more detailed information on this program.
Consequences of the Adoption Decision Among Clients of the Options for Pregnancy Program in Washington and Northern Idaho, 1985
Investigators: Steven D. McLaughlin, Diane L. Manninen, and Linda D. Winges
Data were collected on a total of 269 pregnant adolescents--146 who chose to parent their children and 123 who chose to relinquish their children for adoption. This sample represents adolescent mothers served by a pregnancy counseling program affiliated with a large adoption agency in the Pacific Northwest. The major objective of the study was to compare the two groups with respect to subsequent educational attainment, marriage and fertility, labor force participation, income, and various social/psychological measures, such as satisfaction with their decision to parent or relinquish, life satisfaction, and self-esteem. The research was designed to serve two separate objectives. The first was to provide basic descriptive information necessary to answer the questions, "Do adolescent mothers who place their children for adoption experience more or less favorable outcomes than adolescent mothers who elect to parent their children?" and "In what respects do relinquishing adolescents fare better or worse than parenting adolescents?" To date, there is very little information regarding the subsequent experiences of adolescent mothers who elect to relinquish children for adoption. There are two primary reasons for this lack of information. First, relinquishment is an increasingly rare event; second, adoption has been traditionally a highly confidential process making it difficult or impossible to collect data from relinquishing mothers. The second objective of this research was to contribute to the literature on the consequences of adolescent fertility by drawing on the unique opportunity offered by this study to compare outcomes among adolescent mothers who share the experience of a live birth, but who differ in the relinquish versus parent decision. Since both groups of adolescents had a live birth but only one group parented the child, observed differences between the two groups can more confidently be attributed to the experience of caring for a child as an adolescent mother.
Contemporary American Family Poll, September 18-25, 1981
Investigators: Yankelovich, Skelly & White
The Contemporary American Family Poll was conducted by telephone during the week of September 18-25, 1981, by Yankelovich, Skelly, and White in order to assess attitudes regarding abortion and abortion-related issues throughout the continental U.S. Life magazine sponsored the survey. Respondents (all female) were asked about their personal perspectives regarding the legitimacy or non-legitimacy of abortion under differing circumstances, the social mores of the country, and the importance of the political process or agencies in regard to the abortion issue. Information on various socioeconomic, demographic, religious, and marital status characteristics of the respondent was also collected. The questionnaire was designed such that general questions regarding abortion preceded questions addressing any personal experiences. The Yankelovich studies are conducted periodically on a variety of topics of contemporary interest, the questionnaire format being identical (general to specific). A related DAAPPP data set (Yankelovich Life Polls, 1986, DAAPPP Data Set B3), measures attitudes and perceptions of sex education with particular emphasis on what should be discussed and at what age.
Contemporary Views on Sex Education, November 10-12, 1986
Investigators: Yankelovich, Clancy & Shulman
The Contemporary Views on Sex Education, Nov. 10-12, 1986, study was conducted by telephone during the week of November 10-12, 1986, by Yankelovich, Clancy, and Shulman in order to assess attitudes regarding sex education and related issues throughout the continental U.S. Time magazine sponsored the survey. Respondents were asked about their personal perspectives regarding the importance and ramifications of both home and school sex education for children of various ages. Information on various socioeconomic, demographic, religious, and marital status characteristics of each respondent was also collected. The questionnaire was designed such that questions regarding sex education on a general level preceded questions addressing any personal experience with children on the same issues. The Yankelovich studies are conducted periodically on a variety of topics of contemporary interest, the questionnaire format being identical (general to specific). A related DAAPPP data set (Yankelovich Life Polls, 1981, DAAPPP Data Set B2), measures attitudes and experiences regarding abortion and abortion-related issues.
Current Population Surveys: Annual Demographic Survey (also known as March Supplement)
Investigators: United States Census Bureau and Bureau of Labor Statistics
The Current Population Surveys (CPS), sponsored jointly by the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is the nationís primary source of labor force statistics for the entire population. The CPS is the source of numerous high-profile economic statistics including the Nationís unemployment rate and provides data on the wide range of issues relating to employment and earnings. The CPS is a multistage probability sample of housing units in the United States. It produces monthly labor force and related estimates for the total U.S, civilian noninstitutional population and for various age, sex, race, and ethnic groups. The Annual Demographic Survey (ADS), also known as the March Supplement collects data on family characteristics, household composition, marital status, migration, income from all sources, information on weeks worked, time spent looking for work or on layoff from a job, occupation and industry classification of the job held longest during the year, health insurance coverage and receipt of noncash benefits. The ADS sample consists of the March CPS sample and November CPS households containing at least one person of Hispanic origin. The 2001 Annual Demographic Survey consists of 143 variables and 64,362 cases in the household data, 75 variables and 56,480 cases in the family data, and 466 variables and 128,821 cases in the person data.