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Alabama Adolescent Health Survey, 1993
Investigators: Steve Nagy
The 1993 Alabama Adolescent Health Survey was a modified version of the National Student Health Survey. Alabama Adolescents in grades 8 and 10 were surveyed in February and March. The survey included the following sections: demographic characteristics, exercise patterns, violence, sexual activity and abuse history, attitudes toward sexuality, attitudes toward education, time use patterns, health care history, mental health and suicide, assistance behavior, nutrition, substance use, and knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). This data set contains 115 variables and 6,268 cases.
Annual Survey of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children and Youth, 1975-1994
Investigators: Arthur N. Schildroth, Thomas E. Allen, Sue A. Hotto, Kay H. Lam, and John K.C. Woo
The Annual Survey of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Children and Youth, 1975-1994 was administered by the Center for Assessment and Demographic Studies (CADS) at Gallaudet University, Washington, DC. The project, a nationwide, longitudinal survey conducted every year since 1968, tracks the educational and demographic characteristics of deaf and hard-of-hearing students receiving special education services in schools throughout the United States. The purpose of the study has been to determine the size of the special education deaf and hard-of-hearing population of the United States and to describe its characteristics in ways that are useful to educators, program planners, legislators, and other researchers. The survey has played an important role in providing quality data for the discussion and debates leading to improvements in the field of education for these children. Educators have used Annual Survey data to provide national, state, and local level administrators, legislators, and the public at large with information about national needs and services, about changes taking place in the educational services in which these students are enrolled, and about various trends in their education. The Annual Survey data base includes approximately 65% of all deaf and hard-of-hearing children receiving special educational services in the United States.
Antecedents of Adolescent Sexual Attitudes and Behavior: Contextual Data Supplement to the 1976-1987 National Survey of Children
Investigators: Kristen A. Moore
An increasing number of studies have focused on the importance of contextual level influences on outcomes ranging from adolescent sexual behavior and teen pregnancy to educational attainment and delinquency. Although contextual variables constitute more distal influences than factors such as parenting styles and peer pressure, these "neighborhood" variables are reported to have substantial effects on individual outcomes. The data set, Antecedents of Sexual Attitudes and Behavior: Contextual Data Supplement to the 1976-1987 National Survey of Children, was created to examine the contextual predictors of adolescent sexual intercourse and teen attitudes about sex. Data from the 1976 and 1987 National Survey of Children (NSC) and other sources were assembled to assess neighborhoodand state-level demographic, economic, social, cultural and policy factors that influence adolescent sexual behavior. Zip code-level data were obtained from the NSC and the 1980 U.S. Census. State-level data were obtained from a variety of sources, including, the U.S. Census, State and Metropolitan Area Data Book, the Handbook of Labor Statistics, the National Center for Health Statistics, and the Alan Guttmacher Institute. Contextual variables included in this data set span the following categories: population; family structure; income and poverty; labor force participation; education; religion; marriage and divorce; voting behavior; substance use and crime; housing; teen deaths; women's status; birth rates, pregnancy, and abortion rates; neighborhood quality; and mobility.
Baltimore Study of Unplanned Teen Parenthood, 1966-1972
Investigators: Frank Furstenberg
This dataset includes information from four waves of interviews with 404 women who, in 1966, registered at the Sinai Hospital prenatal clinic. All were pregnant and under 18 at the time. The study, directed by Dr. Frank Furstenberg, began as an evaluation of a program designed to help teenage mothers. It was designed to be longitudinal in order to assess the lasting impact of the program. An adolescent's interview focused on occupational and marital career plans, impacts of the pregnancy, sexual patterns, birth control knowledge and experience, attitudes toward medical care, and information on family relations. A separate interview with the adolescent's mother also solicited personal background material about the family and the occupational careers of the parents. As the study continued, its goals expanded and eventually formally became "explore the process of adjustment to unplanned parenthood and to explain the divergent life patterns that occur as a consequence of an unscheduled birth." This is a rich and detailed dataset with 1,413 variables collected over five years. The longitudinal nature of the investigation makes this data set a unique source of information on what happens over time to teenage mothers and their families. The study is continuing to the present time, and data from later waves will be added to the archive as they become available. Note for users of DAAPPP Data Sets #01-B1DAAPPP data sets 01 through B1 are comprised of a User's Guide, SPSS syntax files (*.SPS or *.SPX) and raw data files only. Most of these datasets contain SPSS syntax files that use Job Control Language (JCL) from 1980s versions of SPSS-X. Because the syntax is old, the syntax files require editing to conform to the current syntax standards used by SPSS/Windows or SPSS/Unix. If you require technical assistance in using or editing these syntax files, please contact Sociometrics' Data Support Group at 800.846.3475 or email@example.com.
Child Health Supplement to the National Health Interview Survey, 1981
Investigators: National Center for Health Statistics
The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) was designed to provide national data on the incidence of acute illness and accidental injuries, chronic conditions and impairments, disabilities, the utilization of health care services, and other health-related topics. In 1981, after several years of planning and preparation, a comprehensive supplement on children was included with the survey. One child from each eligible household was randomly selected, and data collected on a nationwide probability sample of 15,416 children 17 years of age and under. Questionnaire topics included family structure, child care arrangements, breastfeeding, motor and social development, medications, birth and prenatal events, lifetime hospitalizations and surgery, chronic conditions, weight, eyes and teeth, school attendance and performance, behavior problems, social effects of ill health, and sleep habits. Additional data about health and medical care were also collected as part of the core NHIS questionnaire. In all there are 1,416 variables in the Data Set. This Data Set should prove particularly useful as a baseline national sample for comparisons with smaller or more specialized samples. The microcomputer version of the raw data is an extract of 1,028 cases. Note for users of DAAPPP Data Sets #01-B1DAAPPP data sets 01 through B1 are comprised of a User's Guide, SPSS syntax files (*.SPS or *.SPX) and raw data files only. Most of these datasets contain SPSS syntax files that use Job Control Language (JCL) from 1980s versions of SPSS-X. Because the syntax is old, the syntax files require editing to conform to the current syntax standards used by SPSS/Windows or SPSS/Unix. If you require technical assistance in using or editing these syntax files, please contact Sociometrics' Data Support Group at 800.846.3475 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Current Population Surveys: Annual Demographic Survey (also known as March Supplement)
Investigators: United States Census Bureau and Bureau of Labor Statistics
The Current Population Surveys (CPS), sponsored jointly by the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is the nationís primary source of labor force statistics for the entire population. The CPS is the source of numerous high-profile economic statistics including the Nationís unemployment rate and provides data on the wide range of issues relating to employment and earnings. The CPS is a multistage probability sample of housing units in the United States. It produces monthly labor force and related estimates for the total U.S, civilian noninstitutional population and for various age, sex, race, and ethnic groups. The Annual Demographic Survey (ADS), also known as the March Supplement collects data on family characteristics, household composition, marital status, migration, income from all sources, information on weeks worked, time spent looking for work or on layoff from a job, occupation and industry classification of the job held longest during the year, health insurance coverage and receipt of noncash benefits. The ADS sample consists of the March CPS sample and November CPS households containing at least one person of Hispanic origin. The 2001 Annual Demographic Survey consists of 143 variables and 64,362 cases in the household data, 75 variables and 56,480 cases in the family data, and 466 variables and 128,821 cases in the person data.
Evaluation of Pregnancy Prevention Programs for Urban Teens, 1981-1984
Investigators: Laurie S. Zabin, Marilyn B. Hirsch, Edward A. Smith and Mark R. Emerson
This study was an evaluation of the effectiveness of a school-based program for the primary prevention of pregnancy among inner-city adolescents. The study was designed and administered by the staff of The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine's Department of Pediatrics and Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics. The project was carried out with the cooperation of the administrators of four schools in the Baltimore school system: two junior high schools and two senior high schools. The program provided the students attending one of the junior high schools and one of the senior high schools with sexuality and contraceptive education, individual and group counseling, and medical and contraceptive services over a period of almost three school years. Students in the remaining two schools received no such services, but provided baseline and end-of-project data, and served as the control sample. An evaluation component was built into the project to assess changes in the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of the school populations.
Field Test of Values and Choices, Search Institute's Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Demonstration Project, 1985-86
Investigators: Michael J. Donahue, Peter L. Benson, and Richard J. Gordon
General AFL goals include emphasis on the importance of family involvement in the delivery of services; promotion of adolescent premarital sexual abstinence; adoption as a positive alternative to early parenting; and comprehensive health, education, and social services designed to help the mother to have a healthy baby and to improve subsequent life prospects for both infant and mother. The AFL Demonstration Program was enacted to provide local communities and institutions with workable models of prevention programs that discourage premarital adolescent sexual relations, and care programs that reduce the negative consequences of adolescent pregnancy. To develop these models, AFL authorized grants for three types of demonstrations: (1) projects which provide "care services" only (e.g., services for the provision of comprehensive services to pregnant adolescents, adolescent parents, and their families); (2) projects which provide "prevention services" only (e.g., services to promote abstinence from adolescent premarital sexual relations); and (3) projects which provide a combination of care and prevention services. The demonstration projects were multi-year projects (3-5 years), renewable annually. As of March 1988, 97 demonstration projects had been funded. Human Sexuality: Values and Choices is a 15-session, values-based, parent-involved, video-assisted school curriculum for seventh and eighth graders. The course is designed and sponsored by Search Institute, a not-for-profit research institute in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Field test sites were located in public schools in Denver, Colorado; Detroit, Michigan; Minneapolis and Grand Rapids, Minnesota; and the San Francisco Bay area of California. The curriculum began implementation in 1983 with AFL funding; the field test began in the fall of 1985 and concluded in the spring of 1986. The curriculum's goals were to decrease the intention to engage in intercourse "while I am a teenager," to instill values supporting sexual restraint in adolescence, and to increase the amount of parent-child communication concerning sexuality and its expression. Parents are invited to attend a three-session course introducing them to the curriculum and materials. Seven values were used in the curriculum as a basis for teaching about human relationships in general and sexuality in particular: (1) equality, (2) honesty, (3) respect, (4) responsibility, (5) promise-keeping, (6) self-control, and (7) social justice. A pretest/posttest/delayed posttest design with a control group was employed to assess the effectiveness of the course. A 100-item questionnaire was administered immediately before (September 1985), immediately after (November 1985), and three to four months after completion of the course (March 1986). The questionnaire was administered both to students who took the course and to students in the same school and grade who did not take it. (Control students received the course after the treatment group completed the delayed posttest.) The field test was designed to test the following hypotheses: Course participation would increase support for sexual restraint in adolescence Course participation would decrease belief that boys have stronger or more uncontrollable sex drives than girls Course participation would decrease support for the use of coercion in sexual relations Course participation would increase knowledge of human reproduction Course participation would increase frequency ocfonversations with parents concerning sexuality Course participation would increase belief that intercourse can result in getting a sexually transmitted disease Course participation would increase belief that intercourse can result in pregnancy Course participation would decrease intention to engage in sexual intercourse while a teenager Course participation would have no effect on the students' global attitude toward sexuality. The last hypothesis was included in order to examine whether a course emphasizing abstinence might result in more negative or repressed attitudes toward sexuality. Hypotheses (1) through (5) and hypothesis (9) were tested using scales constructed from two to eight items each, with internal consistencies between .54 and .86. (See Appendix B for information on how these scales are constructed.) Hypotheses (6) and (7) were tested with single items. Hypothesis (8), or behavioral intention to engage in intercourse, was tested using the indices specified by the theory of reasoned action F(tihseh bein model).
First U.S. Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HANES), 1971-1975
Investigators: National Center for Health Statistics
The first Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HANES I) was conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics to measure the nutritional status and health of the U.S. population aged 1-74 years. For children aged 1-5 years, information on the age of the biological mother at the time of birth of the subject child is available. Thus, it is possible to differentiate children born to teenage mothers from those born to older mothers. The Archive file contains information on all 1-5 year-olds. In addition, data from children aged 6-11 are included in the file to allow comparisons with the second HANES (HANES II; forthcoming in DAAPPP), which will contain data on age of mother for all 1- 11 year-olds, and not just for 1-5 year-olds. The DAAPPP HANES I file includes data merged from the three HANES I public use files that are most relevant to studies of the health consequences for children of teen parents. The file contains all of the following information: demographic background characteristics; height and weight data; data on a series of body and skinfold measurements; results of x- rays of hand and wrist; medical examination results; medical history; and school lunch, milk, and breakfast programs data.Note for users of DAAPPP Data Sets #01-B1DAAPPP data sets 01 through B1 are comprised of a User's Guide, SPSS syntax files (*.SPS or *.SPX) and raw data files only. Most of these datasets contain SPSS syntax files that use Job Control Language (JCL) from 1980s versions of SPSS-X. Because the syntax is old, the syntax files require editing to conform to the current syntax standards used by SPSS/Windows or SPSS/Unix. If you require technical assistance in using or editing these syntax files, please contact Sociometrics' Data Support Group at 800.846.3475 or email@example.com.
Fulton County Descriptive Study, A Subset of the JOBS Child Outcome Study, 1992-1994 (The JOBS Descriptive Study)
Investigators: Kristin A. Moore, Martha J. Zaslow, Mary Jo Coiro, & Suzanne M. Miller
The JOBS Child Outcomes Study is a longitudinal investigation of the life circumstances and development of young children (ages 3 to 5 year at baseline) in families receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children whose mothers were randomly assigned to one of three groups (Human Capital Development, Labor Force Attachment, Control) to test strategies to reduce welfare dependency and promote self-sufficiency. The data were collected as part of an evaluation of the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills (JOBS) Training Program. The evaluation was conducted by the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation; The Child Outcomes substudy of the parents and children was conducted by Child Trends, Inc. The Fulton County Descriptive Study, the subject of this data set, was a subset of the JOBS Child Outcomes Study sample and only took place in Fulton County, Georgia. Its purpose was to describe the participants in one site soon after random assignment. The study gathered information about child outcomes and intervening maternal, familial, and child processes related to cognitive development, safety and health, problem behavior and emotional well-being, and social development.