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DILS: Data and Internet Literacy Series
Investigators: Diana Dull Akers, PhD, Angela Amarillas, MA, Megan M. Bunch, MA, Tamara Kuhn, MA, Janette Mince, & Lauren J. Shapiro, PhD
The Data and Internet Literacy Series (DIL Series) was created with the goal of training data and internet novices on the appropriate use of these valuable resources. Comprised of a set of six self-paced training modules and a parallel set of teaching materials for instructors, the Data and Internet Literacy Series covers just about everything you need to know about utilizing data and the Internet to understand issues and optimize your research in the social sciences. The Data and Internet Literacy Training Modules are user-friendly self-paced guides to gaining usable skills for utilizing and understanding data and the Internet in the context of social science research. Each module has its own glossary to further define terms and concepts introduced in the module. Each module also comes with a set of activities to explore and apply data and Internet knowledge and skills. These activities encourage application of module concepts, review important terms, and stimulate critical thinking. The Data and Internet Literacy Instructor Packages provide materials for teaching the content of Data and Internet Training Modules in a classroom setting. In addition to a complete copy of Training Module materials, an Instructor Package includes a lesson plan, a set of PowerPoint® slides, review questions and answers, and photocopy masters of the module activities and review questions.
Demographic, Behavioral & Health Characteristics of Injection Drug Users in San Francisco 1985-86
Investigators: John K. Watters
The study, Demographic, Behavioral, and Health Characteristics of Injection Drug Users in San Francisco, 1985- 86, was conducted in late 1985 and early 1986 as part of a larger investigation of health characteristics and risk factors for HIV transmission in intravenous drug users. The purpose of the study was to obtain data on demographic characteristics, sexual and other risk behavior, and general health characteristics from a group of intravenous drug users (IVDUs) in San Francisco. The San Francisco research team first conducted a two-pronged approach among the city's IVDUs during late 1985 and early 1986. The first element consisted of intensive ethnographic study in the two San Francisco neighborhoods with the highest concentrations of IVDUs.The other direction of research, which proceeded simultaneously with the ethnographic study, consisted of lengthy interviews with 438 IVDUs.
Detroit Mother-Daughter Communication Patterns: Mother File, 1978
Investigators: Greer Fox
The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of female parents on the sexual and contraceptive behavior of teenage daughters. The strategy for doing so was to examine patterns of communication about sex roles and sexual behavior between mothers and daughters in different types of families and to measure the impact of varying communication patterns on the sexual and contraceptive knowledge and behavior of daughters. Demographic, attitudinal, and behavioral data were collected from both mothers and daughters in Detroit, Michigan, in separate but simultaneous face-to-face interviews. The sample consisted of 449 14- or 15-year-old females, and their mothers, all of whom volunteered for the study. This dataset contains the data from the mothers. Daughter data is available separately.
Doing Something Different: Group Counseling at STD Clinics to Promote Condom Use
Investigators: Deborah A. Cohen
Doing Something Different, a single-session, one-hour intervention, was designed for use in an inner-city public health clinic, but is appropriate for use in any community setting that provides education or services to at-risk populations. The intervention is led by a health educator, who presents a video on the social acceptability of condom use, demonstrates proper condom-use techniques, and directs a role-playing session in which participants practice negotiating condom use with sexual partners. Click here to view more detailed information on this program.
Drug User Intervention Trial (DUIT)
Investigators: Richard S. Garfein, PhD, MPH, Steffanie Strathdee, Ph.D, Lawrence Ouellet, PhD, Sharon Hudson, PhD, Mary Latka, PhD, Holly Hagan, PhD, Hanne Thiede, DVM, MPH, Elizabeth Golub, PhD, Marie Bailey-Kloch, Karen Yen-Hobelman, PhD, Susan Bailey, PhD, Joyce Fitzgerald, Peter Kerndt, MD, MPH, Karla Wagner, PhD, David Vlahov, PhD, Farzana Kapadia, PhD, Nadine Snyder, BA, Jennifer V. Campbell, MPH, David Purcell, PhD, JD, Ian Williams, PhD, Paige Ingram, RN, Andrea Swartzendruber, MPH
DUIT is a small-group, clinic-based, behavioral intervention that aims to reduce risky injection and sexual behaviors among injection drug users who are HIV and HCV negative. During six 2-hour sessions, two trained health advisors promote group cohesion and peer education within the DUIT group. The health advisors also encourage behavior change by teaching peer-education tactics, risk-reduction strategies, and safer sex and injection negotiation skills. Ultimately, the DUIT program increases participants. perceived risk of HIV/HCV, their motivation to practice safer injection and sexual behaviors, their knowledge of risky behaviors, and key risk-reduction strategies. Click here to view more detailed information on this program.
Effects of Organized Family Planning Programs on U.S. Adolescent Fertility, 1970-1975
Investigators: Jacqueline Darroch Forrest
This file contains data used to estimate the effects of family planning programs in the U.S. on adolescent fertility. The study sample consists of 3,105 counties in the U.S. identified from Alan Guttmacher Institute files. The original study divided the counties into three kinds of statistical analysis units for analysis. The DAAPPP file focuses on county-level data only; however, the statistical analysis units used can be reconstructed using codes in the DAAPPP file. The file contains the following information for the years 1970 and 1975: (1) county-level tabulations of U.S. women by age, race, marital status, and poverty status based on the 1970 Census; (2) data on the number of organized family planning provider sites in each county and the number of teenage patients by age and race; (3) abortion accessibility measures; (4) private medical contraceptive sources; (5) socioeconomic and demographic measures; and (5) birth rate figures. Note for users of DAAPPP Data Sets #01-B1DAAPPP data sets 01 through B1 are comprised of a User's Guide, SPSS syntax files (*.SPS or *.SPX) and raw data files only. Most of these datasets contain SPSS syntax files that use Job Control Language (JCL) from 1980s versions of SPSS-X. Because the syntax is old, the syntax files require editing to conform to the current syntax standards used by SPSS/Windows or SPSS/Unix. If you require technical assistance in using or editing these syntax files, please contact Sociometrics' Data Support Group at 800.846.3475 or email@example.com.
Efficacy of a Standardized Acupuncture Regimen and Amitriptyline Compared with Placebo as a Treatment for Pain Caused by Peripheral Neuropathy in HIV-Infected Patients, 1993-1997
Investigators: Judith Shlay, Bob Flaws, Kathryn Chaloner, Jeffrey Cohen, David Cohn, Marjorie Dehlinger, Shauna Hillman, Mitchell Max, Carol Mesard, Jill Ramser, Patricia Reichelderfer, Jack Rouff, Catherine Salveson, James Sampson, Victoria Taylor
The Efficacy of a Standardized Acupuncture Regimen and Amitriptyline Compared with Placebo as a Treatment for Pain Caused by Peripheral Neuropathy in HIV-Infected Patients was conducted between 1993 and 1997 at 11 units of the Terry Beirn Community Programs for the Clinical Research on AIDS. The study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of a standardized acupuncture regime and amitriptyline hydrochloride for relief of pain due to HIV-related peripheral neuropathy. 250 HIV-infected patients with lower extremity peripheral neuropathy were randomly assigned to receive either amitriptyline or placebo capsules (once a day) and either acupuncture or needles placed in control points (once or twice a week). The study was a randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial that lasted 14 weeks.
Evaluating the Adoption Component of AFL Care Projects, 1989-1990
Investigators: Steven D. McLaughlin and Terry R. Johnson, Battelle Centers for Public Health Research and Evaluation
The study, Evaluating the Adoption Component of AFL Care Projects, 1989-1990, was designed to determine if any of the actions taken by Adolescent Family Life (AFL) pregnancy counseling programs have an effect on the likelihood that pregnant adolescent clients will elect to place their children for adoption. Since 1982, the AFL Program of the Office of Population Affairs (OPA) has sponsored a number of demonstration projects that provide health, education and social services for pregnant teenagers, teenage mothers and their families. By legislative mandate, each of these projects is required to have an adoption counseling component designed to increase the exposure of clients to the adoption alternative. These projects vary widely in their organizational characteristics, the approaches used to provide adoption counseling, the characteristics of clients served, and the characteristics of the communities within which they operate. They also differ in the percentage of pregnant adolescents served who choose adoption - from 0 to nearly 35 percent. Many factors affect a program's relinquishment rate. Programs serve clients with widely varying individual characteristics, including different intentions regarding the pregnancy when they first make contact with the agency. In addition, because programs operate in very different social contexts, various approaches to pregnancy counseling may result in very different outcomes. Because of these confounding effects, this study collected data on the programs themselves as well as individual-level data from the clients served. This study gathered data on 314 variables from 869 AFL clients from 29 AFL project sites.
Evaluation of OAPP Adolescent Pregnancy Programs, 1982
Investigators: Martha Burt
This project collected, summarized, and reported data on 31 adolescent pregnancy projects funded by the Office of Adolescent Pregnancy Programs. The purpose of the study was to provide information about how well the programs were meeting legislative and service objectives. The specific issues addressed concerned accountability (both financial and in terms of client targeting), comprehensiveness (i.e., the breadth and concentration of services offered), results of program services, and effects of program structure. Data relating to these issues were obtained from each project through quarterly reporting forms. Note for users of DAAPPP Data Sets #01-B1DAAPPP data sets 01 through B1 are comprised of a User's Guide, SPSS syntax files (*.SPS or *.SPX) and raw data files only. Most of these datasets contain SPSS syntax files that use Job Control Language (JCL) from 1980s versions of SPSS-X. Because the syntax is old, the syntax files require editing to conform to the current syntax standards used by SPSS/Windows or SPSS/Unix. If you require technical assistance in using or editing these syntax files, please contact Sociometrics' Data Support Group at 800.846.3475 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Evaluation of Pregnancy Prevention Programs for Urban Teens, 1981-1984
Investigators: Laurie S. Zabin, Marilyn B. Hirsch, Edward A. Smith and Mark R. Emerson
This study was an evaluation of the effectiveness of a school-based program for the primary prevention of pregnancy among inner-city adolescents. The study was designed and administered by the staff of The Johns Hopkins School of Medicine's Department of Pediatrics and Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics. The project was carried out with the cooperation of the administrators of four schools in the Baltimore school system: two junior high schools and two senior high schools. The program provided the students attending one of the junior high schools and one of the senior high schools with sexuality and contraceptive education, individual and group counseling, and medical and contraceptive services over a period of almost three school years. Students in the remaining two schools received no such services, but provided baseline and end-of-project data, and served as the control sample. An evaluation component was built into the project to assess changes in the knowledge, attitudes and behavior of the school populations.