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Growth of American Families: Single Women, 1955
Investigators: Arthur A. Campbell, Pascal K. Whelpton, and John E. Patterson
A survey of 254 young single women aged 18 to 24 was conducted to determine ideas on marriage and desired family size. The gathered data enable comparisons to be made between the study's sample of single women and the sample of married women (DAAPPP Data Set No. 41). The single women were asked a large number of open-ended questions that were more exploratory than hypothesis- testing in purpose. The interview inquired about girlfriends' family-building probabilities, best age for marriage, ideal number of children, and other marriage and family-related issues. The sample was restricted to white women due to the researchers' limited resources for field work. Note for users of DAAPPP Data Sets #01-B1DAAPPP data sets 01 through B1 are comprised of a User's Guide, SPSS syntax files (*.SPS or *.SPX) and raw data files only. Most of these datasets contain SPSS syntax files that use Job Control Language (JCL) from 1980s versions of SPSS-X. Because the syntax is old, the syntax files require editing to conform to the current syntax standards used by SPSS/Windows or SPSS/Unix. If you require technical assistance in using or editing these syntax files, please contact Sociometrics' Data Support Group at 800.846.3475 or email@example.com.
Health Behavior Study of Detroit Minority Youth, 1991
Investigators: Kathleen Ford & Anne Norris
Low income minority urban youth have been identified as a group for whom there is current concern about HIV transmission. The aim of this study was to evaluate AIDS knowledge, perception of risk, and risk behaviors related to sex in a sample of urban, low income, African American and Hispanic adolescents and young adults. The study was conducted between February and July of 1991. Data were obtained from a household probability sample of 1,435 individuals. Completed interviews included 726 African American (324 males, 402 females) and 709 Hispanic (359 males, 350 females) adolescents and young adults from low income areas of Detroit, Michigan. The data set contains 1,106 variables. Interviewers were hired and trained specifically for the study. Over 95% of the 60 interviewers employed were minority residents of Detroit. Interviewer training consisted of instruction of general interviewing techniques, as well as instruction relevant to obtaining drug and sexual histories. The study questionnaire was developed through pilot testing using open-ended questions, consultation with youth and youth service providers, and formal pre-testing. The final questionnaire consisted of close-ended questions and required about one hour to administer. About 108 of the interviews were conducted using a Spanish language questionnaire. The questionnaire assessed general knowledge of AIDS transmission; knowledge of routes of sexual transmission (both heterosexual and homosexual); respondents' sexual behavior, number of sexual partners, and condom use; and perceived susceptibility to AIDS infection.
Human Sexuality - Values & Choices: A Values-Based Curriculum for 7th and 8th Grades
Investigators: Search Institute
Developed for use in 7th and 8th grade classrooms, this program aims to reduce teenage pregnancy by promoting seven core values that support sexual abstinence and healthy social relationships: equality, self-control, promise-keeping, responsibility, respect, honesty, and social justice. The curriculum including 15 student lessons and 3 adult-only sessions is distinguished by: 1) an emphasis on parent-child communication; and 2) the use of a standardized, video-assisted format. Participants gain mastery through role plays, group discussions, and behavioral skills exercises. Following a field test in nine schools, program participants showed a greater understanding of the risks associated with early sexual involvement, and they expressed increased support for postponing sexual activity, as compared to a control group of their peers. Click here to view more detailed information on this program.
Impact Evaluation of Teen Outreach, 1984-1989
Investigators: Association of Jr. Leagues International
Teen Outreach began in 1978 as a collaborative effort between the Danforth Foundation and the St. Louis Public Schools. Its original goal was to prevent early pregnancy and to keep teens in school. In 1981, the Junior League of St. Louis assumed a major role in promoting and funding the Teen Outreach program. The Stewart Mott Foundation funded a 3-year national replication in 1983; and by 1987, a second 3-year national replication effort began under the direction of the Association of Junior Leagues International, in cooperation with the American Association of School Administrators. The number of Teen Outreach sites has increased from 9 in the 1984-85 school year to 60 in 1988-89 throughout the U.S. and Canada. The program uses a combination of small group discussion strategies and provides volunteer service in the community for its participants. Although the curriculum and volunteer service are the core components of the program and are shared by all sites, variations within these two components exist. Emphasis in curriculum topics differ between sites; some sites offer Teen Outreach as an after school activity while others offer it during school hours; some sites offer school credit for participation while others do not; and the number of classroom hours or volunteer hours are not necessarily the same between sites. The minimum standards at Teen Outreach sites are that students should meet for 1 hour per week for a year and that each student should perform a minimum of 1 hour per week of volunteer work.
Johns Hopkins Study of Repeat Adolescent Pregnancy, 1976-1982
Investigators: Janet B. Hardy
The purpose of this study was to obtain demographic, contraceptive, pregnancy, and pregnancy-resolution information on 725 teenage girls aged 18 years or younger who were enrolled in the postnatal follow-up component of the Johns Hopkins Adolescent Pregnancy Program during the years of 1976 to 1982. Since in many cases pregnancy data were obtained retrospectively, the actual years during which deliveries are recorded span the period of 1970 to 1982. Demographic information on the father of the baby was also obtained. Hopkins could accept about 300 of the 600 to 1700 pregnant adolescents each year, and the youngest and most at risk tended to be enrolled. Their average age was 15 years, 3 months and their average school placement, 10th grade. The majority of patients were African American. Some time after the Teenage Clinic started, a logbook was initiated in an effort follow up on teenagers enrolled in the program. For each registrant, the logbook contained information on the mother's name and medical history number, and the baby's name and medical history number. To this logbook was added information on the mother's delivery, if available; this information was obtained from the Hopkins Department of Obstetrics files. In 1977, a social worker joined the Teeange Clinic staff and began conducting intake interviews with the program's participants. These interviews generally were conducted at the time of the mother's first postnatal visit or on a subsequent follow-up visit. This first postnatal visit did not necesarily represent the first delivery or pregnancy the mother had had. Consequently, information was collected on the most recent pregnancy, as well as on previous pregnancies, when applicable. This data base contains information for up to the fourth repeat pregnancy.
Los Angeles County Study of Motivations, Roles, and Family Planning of Women, 1975
Investigators: Linda J. Beckman
The study contains data collected in 1975 from a Los Angeles County representative sample of 583 married women in their childbearing years (age 18 through 49). Information collected include contraceptive perceptions and usage, sex-role attitudes and behaviors, fertility and fertility preferences, perceived satisfactions and costs of children, perceived satisfactions and costs of motherhood, and perceived values of employment.
Madison, Wisconsin Study of Premarital Sexuality Among Young People: Nonstudents, 1973
Investigators: John DeLamater
This is the identical survey described in DAAPPP Data Set No. 56, only conducted with a non-student population. The sample was designed to consist of persons between the ages of 18 and 23 who resided in Madison, Wisconsin but were not students at the University. The sample was obtained by calling a systematic probability sample of residences in the telephone directory. Of the 1,134 eligible persons, 663 completed interviews. With the exclusion of married couples, the total sample consisted of 220 nonstudent males and 293 nonstudent females. Note for users of DAAPPP Data Sets #01-B1DAAPPP data sets 01 through B1 are comprised of a User's Guide, SPSS syntax files (*.SPS or *.SPX) and raw data files only. Most of these datasets contain SPSS syntax files that use Job Control Language (JCL) from 1980s versions of SPSS-X. Because the syntax is old, the syntax files require editing to conform to the current syntax standards used by SPSS/Windows or SPSS/Unix. If you require technical assistance in using or editing these syntax files, please contact Sociometrics' Data Support Group at 800.846.3475 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Madison, Wisconsin Study of Premarital Sexuality Among Young People: Students, 1973
Investigators: John DeLamater
The focus of this study is on the social aspects of premarital sexuality, sociopsychological characteristics, current sexual behavior and contraceptive knowledge and use among young people. Information on personal and family characteristics, sexual experience, peer group influence, and self-image was also collected. Interviews for the study were conducted with a stratified sample of undergraduates, consisting of 432 male students and 431 female students (see DAAPPP Data Set No. 57 for the corresponding non-student sample). The response rate for the study was 82%; married students were excluded from the survey. Note for users of DAAPPP Data Sets #01-B1DAAPPP data sets 01 through B1 are comprised of a User's Guide, SPSS syntax files (*.SPS or *.SPX) and raw data files only. Most of these datasets contain SPSS syntax files that use Job Control Language (JCL) from 1980s versions of SPSS-X. Because the syntax is old, the syntax files require editing to conform to the current syntax standards used by SPSS/Windows or SPSS/Unix. If you require technical assistance in using or editing these syntax files, please contact Sociometrics' Data Support Group at 800.846.3475 or email@example.com.
Maricopa County, Arizona Study of Child Maltreatment Risk Among Adolescent Mothers, 1976-1978
Investigators: Frank G. Bolton, Jr.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the incidence of child maltreatment was higher among natural children born to adolescent mothers, compared to that obtained for children born to post-adolescent women. A random sample of 5,098 observations was drawn from the child maltreatment cases referred to the Maricopa County unit of the Arizona Department of Economic Security's Child Protective Services between January 1, 1976 and December 31, 1978.
Multi-City Study of Factors Affecting Teenagers' Choice of Abortion Clinics, 1980
Investigators: Laurie Schwab Zabin and Samuel D. Clark, Jr.
These abortion clinic data were gathered as part of an investigation of why teenagers coming to family planning, prenatal or abortion clinics for the first time chose a particular clinic and why they (may have) delayed their decision to get professional help. Data were gathered from teens in the spring of 1980 at 40 clinics in eight cities (Atlanta, Baltimore, Cleveland, Denver, New York, Pittsburgh, St. Paul and Seattle). The family planning clinic sample included 12 Planned Parenthood affiliates, seven hospital facilities, six health department clinics and six independent clinics. Data were also gathered at four prenatal clinics, four abortion clinics, and one clinic of unknown type. The data from teens interviewed at family planning clinics, prenatal clinics, and abortion clinics have been archived separately as DAAPPP Data Set No. H2, H3, and H4, respectively. The present Data Set (H4) contains data from 255 teens who visited abortion clinics. The four principal reasons teens gave for choosing a particular abortion clinic were: the people there care about teens; they had no choice; someone chose it for them; and they heard good things about the doctors there.