workshop is designed to increase college students' self-efficacy,
or belief in their own ability to act successfully to prevent HIVAIDS
and other sexually transmitted diseases. Drawing upon social learning
theory, the program includes numerous role-play and skill-building
exercises, and is led by peer educators who are trained to serve as
persuasive models. To give students the knowledge necessary to practice
preventive behaviors, the leaders begin by facilitating a group discussion
about HIV/AIDS and STDs, including transmission and prevention. During
the next section, participants discuss personal experiences of and
feelings about AIDS and other STDs. Finally, the students role play
safe-sex discussions and learn about correct condom use, gaining confidence
in their abilities in the process. A field study of the workshop was
conducted with 209 undergraduate students enrolled in a health education
class at the University of Texas. Compared to comparison groups of
their peers, program participants showed significant increases in
self-efficacy at the two-month follow-up assessment. Sexually active
students also showed an increase in their frequency of condom use.
Although it was
originally implemented in a college setting, this program is also
suitable for use with young adults ages 18-22 in other educational
settings or community-based organizations.
Among the 209 college
students participating in the study, the average age was 22 years.
67% were female.
workshop is designed to last between 2 1/2 and 3 hours.
Two peer educators
are recommended to lead each ten- to fifteen-person group. During
the original field study, a 20-hour training program was held to introduce
the peer educators to basic concepts of the curriculum, as well as
HIV/AIDS, STDs and group process skills.