program for high school students is delivered by regular classroom
teachers. Combining principles of the health belief model with social
psychology, the curriculum aims to improve students' knowledge, beliefs,
self-efficacy and risk behaviors concerning HlV/AlDS. The first two
classes provide general information about the transmission and prevention
of HIV/AIDS and teach students how to appraise their own risk behaviors.
During the next two sessions, myths about peers' sexual behaviors
are corrected, values clarification is introduced and students use
role play and negotiation skills to practice delaying sexual intercourse.
The final lessons involve discussions of purchasing and using condoms.
A field study of the program was conducted with a predominantly African-American
and Hispanic sample of students attending four New York City public
high schools. Compared with a comparison group of peers, program participants
scored significantly higher on measures of knowledge, beliefs about
the benefits of risk reduction, and beliefs about one's own ability
to effect positive change (e.g., self-efficacy). At the three-month
follow-up assessment, the program was found to be particularly effective
in reducing sexually active participants' number of total sex partners
and number of sex acts with high-risk partners, and in increasing
the use of condoms.
Although it was
originally implemented in school classrooms, this program is equally
suitable for use in community-based organizations.
The field study
included 1,201 students ages 12 to 20 years (avg. age= 15.7 yrs.).
58% of the participants were female.
37% African-American, 35% Latino, 28% other (mostly non-Hispanic
White or Asian).
The six-hour program
is divided into six class lessons that are delivered on consecutive
teachers implement the program. A one-day in-service training session
is recommended to introduce teachers to the curriculum's objectives