1991 Study of Outpatient Physical Therapy Practices
Investigators: Alan Jette

During 1989 and 1990, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. (MPR) conducted a national survey of facilities that provide outpatient physical therapy services. The 1991 Study of Outpatient Physical Therapy Practices, was conducted to provide the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) with a description of clients who have received treatment in outpatient settings. These settings include acute care hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals, private physical therapy practices (PPTs), and physicians offices. Prior to this study, no single source or combination of sources could provide detailed and accurate data on what physical therapists do in relation to treatment and evaluation. This study was designed to provide reliable estimates of the volume, types, duration, and charges for physical therapy services provided in different outpatient settings. The study was conducted annually over three years, with each wave in the field for 12 months to control for unforeseen seasonal affects. The first year was considered a pilot study. The second and third years of data collection are archived here. Facilities were randomly selected separately for each study year. Data are weighted to correct for sampling biases. Sampled facilities completed a 20 minute telephone interview. Each facility was then asked to provide data on a small number of recently discharged clients. Sociometrics has archived these data as two separate data sets: facility-level data and patient level data, which can be merged by a facility identifying variable into a single hierarchical data set. Data set #23 - the facility-level data - contains 107 variables for 2,520 cases. Data set #24 - the person-level data - contains 198 variables for 12,419 cases.

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