1977-1979 Boston City Hospital Study on Neonatal Outcome
Investigators: Barry Zuckerman & Suzette Levenson

A study of maternal health and neonatal development at Boston City Hospital provided an opportunity to assess whether adolescent mothers deliver infants with poorer outcomes at birth than nonadolescents, independent of numerous social and health differences between adolescent and nonadolescent mothers. A total of 698 infants, 275 of primiparous adolescents (aged 13 to 18 years) and 423 of primiparous nonadolescents, were compared at birth. The 54 variables include background information such as mother's ethnic identity, educational attainment, age at time of delivery, time of first prenatal visit, gravidity, number of abortions or miscarriages, and prepregnancy weight; risk factors such as maternal illnesses, number of cups of coffee per day during pregnancy, and cigarette, drug, and alcohol use; pregnancy and delivery-related information such as meconium stained fluid, weight change during pregnancy, and type of anesthesia during delivery; and outcome variables such as size at birth, length of gestation, Apgar scores, malformations, and birth trauma.

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